Water and Development－ Cherish every drop; Sustainable use of water
I. The “Reclaimed Water Resources Development Act”, revisions of “Water Supply Act” and “Water Act” stipulate that we should consider the balance among energy, water and business development; hence, it is important to apply stringent procedures to review and audit water plan, encourage the use of reclaimed water for the industry and build a water-saving society that uses water in a circular manner.
II. To ensure that we can have better water quality from the source to tap, we need to have better conservation and governance of reservoir watershed. On the one hand, we need to prevent further sedimentation in existing reservoirs to extend the lifespan of these reservoirs; On the other hand, we need to reduce leakage rate and strengthen our ability to allocate water within the same region for stable water supply. We should also establish emergency network of wells to enhance our resilience and drought resistance.
III. To promote the use of reclaimed water and desalinated water to secure multiple water sources and encourage the use of reclaimed water as new source of industrial water in areas suffering from water shortage. At the same time, we need to use surface water and ground water in a complementary manner to ensure stable water supply within the same region, so citizens and business can enjoy stable supply and we can work towards safe and sustainable spatial development.
IV. The majority of the society has reached a consensus on reasonable adjustment of present water prices. As we work to balance water resources management, economic development, sustainable development of water business and affordable access to water, it is necessary to adjust water prices and provide more incentives for people to save water.
V. Under the influence of climate change, we need to examine the issue of water allocation and review water use of different targets. To respond to climate change, it is also necessary to promote agricultural adaptation plan, including green box payment, enhancement of food security, sustainable use of agricultural resources, revision of relevant policies and instruments, and improvement of agricultural water use efficiency. The ultimate goal is to improve our food self-sufficiency ratio.
Short-term action plan:
I. Evaluate the possibility to install hydropower facilities and photovoltaic system near ponds, fish ponds, reservoirs, detention ponds and irrigation channels and prioritize the installation of photovoltaic system with the capacity of 150MW on the water.
II. Prioritize the use of reclaimed water for new industries in areas suffering from water shortage problem.
III. Considering the importance of energy, food and environmental safety and guided by the principles to turn flood into usable water and distribution of water storage facilities, it is necessary to propose water resources risk management plan and implement the plan.
IV. Irrigation facilities are important assets for agricultural development; hence, it is necessary to improve maintenance of such facilities and cultivate water sources so we can use water resources sustainably to balance the needs of ecology, production and life.
V. The majority of the society has reached a consensus on reasonable adjustment of present water prices. It is consider necessary to adjust water prices at the right time and promote water-supply business.